Indirect Speech (Reported Speech) Indirect/reported speech, on the other hand, does not have to be within quotes or reported word-to-word. You can check the complete information of changes in Direct and Indirect speech. In any case, this is just one example of reported speech in the simple past tense. In the lesson, we are going to see the definition, rules, structure, and some examples of the reported speech. (2) The Reported Speech The speech which is outside the inverted commas is called the reporting speech and its verb, the reporting verb while the speech within the inverted commas is the reported speech — the speech that includes the actual words of the speaker. Reported Speech Exercise 2 - statements - present tense. For example: However, if someone demands something, we generally report the speech using “told” instead of “asked” or “said.” Here are some commands in reported speech: Finally, when reporting speech, you must always consider the time in which the original statement was made. Direct and Indirect speech is directly not asked in class 9 and 10 in CBSE Board but reported speech is not out of syllabus. indirect speech: He asked me if I liked working in sales. Following punctuation rules in reported speech are applied Inverted comma are excluded; The question mark is converted into a full stop; The exclamation mark is silenced; Comma, in some cases, is used; Study the examples below direct speech: 'I work in a bank,' said Daniel. Fortunately, there are a number of ways to practice reported speech in daily conversation. To do this, we can use direct speech or indirect speech. Brush your teeth. In this lesson, we are going to learn the reported speech or indirect speech, its structure, types, and how we construct it in English grammar. Reported Speech Exercise 4 - statements - mixed tenses. For example, here may become there in indirect speech; this may become that; now may become then. he asked. So, here are a few free online resources to help you get the hang of it: Lastly, if you’d like to learn more about reported speech or find a highly qualified English tutor online to help guide you, visit Magoosh Speaking today! The last sentence is what is known as “reported speech,” because you reported something that someone else said. Past continuous tense will become past perfect continuous tense. Reporting clause before the direct speech. All of the tense changes are the same: To keep things simple, requests are treated the same as questions when reported to someone else. A change of time may mean a change of tense. If this verb is in the present tense, it's easy. It all depends upon the context. will be) into “would be”. Rules for converting Indirect Speech into Direct Speech The following rules should be followed while converting an indirect speech to direct speech: 1. For example, if the original statement is comprised of general information that is unchanging, you don’t need to report it in the past tense. Reported speech: direct speech - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Tense Changes in Reported Speech Rules for reporting speech To get this kind of sentence right, there are four things you should keep in mind: The first rule is to choose a reporting verb and tense. After we report a question, it is no longer a question (and in writing there is no question mark). So after past reporting verbs, the verbs of the original speech are usually made more past. Here are a few more time conversions to help you with reported speech: Now that you have a better understanding of reported speech in English, it’s time to practice! She told him that she was happy. These changes are mostly natural and logical. 2. This means that you will usually need to change the tense of the second clause. This kind of reporting is called ‘indirect speech’ or ‘reported speech’. The correct punctuation. Talking about what someone else has already said, also known as reported speech, involves a few special grammar rules in English. A reported question is when we tell someone what another person asked. (Indirect speech). We can, for example, give the exact words spoken by them. Here are a few examples: Reporting statements is relatively straightforward, as it usually just requires the second clause to change tense (sometimes not even that). Rule No. A change of place and time may mean changing words like here, this, now, today etc. 1 – If Reporting Speech is in Present Tense: Direct Indirect Speech Exercise 1 Rule No. Example: 1)Direct speech: Maria said, “I live in Canada.” Indirect speech: Maria said (or told me) that she lived in Canada.. 2)Direct speech: “Sara has made soup,” said Indirect speech: Jill said that Sara had made soup.. 3)Direct speech: “Gina, watch out for the bird!” exclaimed Indirect speech: Peter warned Gina to watch out for the bird. (Indirect speech). We just put 'she says' and then the sentence: Direct speech: I like ice cream. Rules: (i) If the Reported Speech states some General, Universal or Habitual Truth, Proverb, Historical event in the past, Improbable future condition, the Present Tense used there is not changed into the corresponding past form. You may have noticed that the pronoun you in the direct speech changed to I in the indirect speech. Reported Commands. 1. She said, ‘Where are you going?’ (Direct speech), She asked me where I was going. Magoosh blog comment policy: To create the best experience for our readers, we will only approve comments that are relevant to the article, general enough to be helpful to other students, concise, and well-written! Different rules apply based on the verb tense and the content of the statement. It is therefore not the words being spoken. Simple present tense in the direct speech will become simple past tense in the indirect speech. You have a doctor’s appointment on Tuesday. As you’re leaving the movie theater, the following conversation takes place: You: He said that the movie was really scary. The last sentence is what is known as “reported speech,” because you reported something that someone else said. For example, let’s say that you and your two friends went to the movies. Generally, you can’t go wrong if you follow these guidelines (from the original statement to reported speech): That said, there are some exceptions in the present tense. Instead, you must turn it into a statement. For example: Direct speech: I’ve lost my umbrella. It is the clause that is outside of the inverted commas. -> She told me to brush my teeth. But we also need to change the word order . If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. Grammar Rules with 10 Tips on using Direct & Indirect Speech Looking for Questions instead of tips? Reported speech is when we tell someone what another person said. This kind of structure is called ‘direct speech’. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. Here are a few examples: As you can see, both the reporting verb and the reported verb remain in the simple present tense. However, reporting questions is more complex. Innym sposobem przytaczania czyichś słów jest mowa niezależna (direct speech), kiedy to przytaczamy czyjeś słowa w cudzysłowie. Read the explanation to learn more. Rule No. The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too. You could say either of the following: She told me that I have a doctor’s appointment on Tuesday, or. Present continuous tense will become past continuous tense. Considering this Edumantra is providing reported speech rules and direct and indirect speech examples in a very easy and convenient … It can be asked in gap-filling as giving the right verb forms.So learning direct and indirect speech rules is very necessary. Relative Pronouns: How to use them in English, English Proficiency Levels: A Guide to Determining Your Level, English as a Second Language – Benefits, Strategies, and More, Magoosh English Class: Finneas, Billie Eilish’s Grammy Award-Winning Brother, Starting a Presentation in English: Methods and Examples, Note: For “Yes/No” questions, we change “do” or “does” to “if.”. First of all, when you report a question, you cannot just repeat the original question. Here's how it works: We use a reporting verb like 'say' or 'tell'. Reported speech: He said (that) he had lost his umbrella. direct speech: 'Do you like working in sales?' A change of speaker may mean a change of pronoun. So after past reporting verbs, the verbs of the original speech are usually made more past. The rules for writing direct speech. Don’t touch that! For example: As you can see, the rules governing how to report speech can vary based on the tense of the original statement. Generally, when the reporting verb is in the simple past tense, we change the reported verb as well. We can report people’s speech in two main ways. As with reported statements, we may need to change pronouns and tense (backshift) as well as time and place in reported questions. 😄 Due to the high volume of comments across all of our blogs, we cannot promise that all comments will receive responses from our instructors. © 2020 Magoosh English Speaking. e.g. will) into “would”. To do this, we can use direct speech or indirect speech. -> He said he saw me at the movies. Zdanie w mowie zależnej: Zdanie w mowie niezależnej: Put a comma before the statement and the first letter of … Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. 2. Thanks! Direct and Indirect Speech Punctuation Rules. For example: Since reported speech is reported after the fact, the reporting verb is usually in the simple past tense. All Rights Reserved. Below, we are sharing the rules to make changes from Direct to Indirect speech. 1. Put a comma before the statement and the first letter of the statement should be in capital letter. When words and thoughts are reported, there is usually a change of tenses, pronouns and other words. The structure of the independent clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command. Vocabulary to report direct speech. 2 – If Reporting Speech is in Past and Reported is not Changes in Tenses According to Rule 2 When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. In indirect speech, the structure of the reported clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command. Reported Speech Exercise 6 - statements, questions, commands. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . We can also make the speaker’s words part of our own sentence, using conjunctions and changing pronouns and other words where necessary. Indirect speech focuses more on the content of what someone said rather than their exact words. We also may need to change words like 'my' and 'your'. indirect speech: Daniel said that he worked in a bank. Simple present tense in the direct speech will become simple past tense in the indirect speech. Form. Grammar B1-B2: Reported speech 2: 1. The reporting clause of direct speech is the short clause that indicates who is talking. Dear students and teachers: Please make sure you subscribe to the free grammar updates, English Practice – Learn and Practice English Online, He said, ‘I got my report yesterday.’ (Direct speech), He said that he got his report the previous day. Basic Rules For Indirect Speech Rule No. Past tense that someone else said who is talking right verb forms.So learning direct and speech! 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