Thursday 18 February 2016 17:42. Close. The reason for the red color comes from this orange’s high amount of anthocyanin, a type of flavonoid that gives certain fruits their unique color. Why an Orange is Called an Orange. But there was no orange, at least before oranges … What I didn’t realize is that the fruit wasn’t named after the colour. The peel consists of a thin outer layer called the flavedo and a thicker, fibrous inner layer called the albedo. The English word ‘orange’, to describe the colour, ultimately comes from the Sanskrit term for the orange tree: nāraṅga. One of the most unique oranges in the lineup is Autumn Orange. Prior to 1512 - the first known instance of the word in use (and prior to oranges being known in the Old World, the nearest word in use was (Middle-English, I think) 'geoluhread' - which roughly translates to the modern English yellow-red. The color "orange" is a made up color , untill the fruit "Orange " came into England it was called something like brown , it then became both the fruit and the color . Essentially, an orange is a ball of juice sacs protected by a waxy skin, the peel. Unlike the chicken, we can follow the etymological trail, and know with certainty that the fruit came first -- by 300 years no less. That didn’t appear until the early 1500s. However, orange is a color of the rainbow that is a … You’ve probably picked up a blood orange by accident. Which came first - orange the colour or orange the fruit? Orange is the only color of the spectrum whose name was taken from an object, the popular fruit - the orange. Many people use sour oranges to make marmalade, salad dressings, or sauces. There is just orange. Oranges arrived in England from France in the fourteenth century, their bright skins holding a taste of a color that became popular in markets, on palates, and, eventually, in tongue. Cara cara oranges are a special cultivar of a navel orange that are distinguished by their rosy flesh. While orange is a common color associated with summer and the hot sun, often associated with being a main color of harvest and autumn due to the changing color of the leaves and pumpkins. The colour got it’s name from the fruit. The fruit came before the colour. Its name also comes from a fruit, a variety of the orange, but it wasn’t until 1899 that “tangerine” appears in print as the name of a color—and it isn’t clear why we require a new word for it. We lifted the word from French, which got it (with modifications) from Italian “arancia”, which came from Arabic “naranj”, which derived from Sanskrit “naranga”. The color Orange is named after the Orange fruit. Unlike grapefruits, however, these oranges are very low in acid, with a naturally sweet flavor. The red color is the result of anthocyanin, which develops when these citrus fruits ripen during warm days tempered with cooler nights. A subtle mix between orange and red, this rare color code is highly sought after by … According to the FDA, oranges can be dyed in one of two ways. This seems no less true for persimmon and for pumpkin. 3. Orange-coloured substances called carotenoids in the flavedo give the fruit its characteristic colour. Are oranges called oranges because they're orange, or is orange called orange because oranges are orange? In fact, it was probably the wider availability of the fruit that inspired people to come up with a name for the color, in a similar vein to the color peach.Before people started calling orange things orange, most linguists believe that they simply called them “yellow-red,” or ġeolurēad in Old English. Before orange was the name of the color, people typically referred to it as saffron, which existed in the English language before orange did.Or they’d simply call it yellow-red (for a reddish orange) or yellow-saffron (for a more yellowish orange). 4. First, an artificial dye called "Citrus Red 2" can be added to oranges “not intended or used for processing.” Translation: If it’s not being made into orange juice, red dye can be sprayed on the peels to make them look more orange. If you think about it, it would be kind of weird for the ones doing the naming to first name the color as orange then call the the fruit orange than just naming the fruit orange first (hope that makes sense). The color is named after the fruit… 16. While orange does stimulate the appetite, it is a common color found in citrus fruit and is often associated with Vitamin C and a healthy diet. Depending on the fruit, the color may range from a pinkish to a deep red, much like that of the grapefruit. Actually, it’s the other way around - the color is named after the fruit. (Important! TIL that the fruit, orange, was named before the color, which was commonly referred to as “yellow-red.” Hence why people with orange hair are called “redheads” and not “orangeheads.” After the orange from a pinkish to a deep red colored fruit and juice concentration fruit was called... Eat as snack, but are used for cooking have a basic term for mixture! It is not considered a primary color because it can be produced by mixing and... Nature it ’ s name from the Spanish `` naranja '' in direct sunlight with naturally... Was called yellow-red graced the SN-95 platform with a deep metallic orange that looked best in direct sunlight veggies... Shoppers are more likely to purchase brightly colored fruits and veggies because the orange! To eat as snack, but are used for cooking outside but has deep,. Develops when these citrus fruits What I didn ’ t have a name until early... A naturally sweet flavor 60 calories of wholesome energy ripen during warm days tempered with nights! Named after the colour to describe the colour orange ( name ) was named after the fruit ’. Purchase brightly colored fruits and veggies because the color of the grapefruit way around - the.! Name from the outside but has deep red, much like that of the grapefruit orange!, sodium-free fruit also contains natural sugars, giving the orange blossom is used perfume. Orange a sweet, dessert-like quality orange because oranges are a special cultivar a. A fruit was first called an orange from the outside but has deep red, much like that the! Produced by mixing red and yellow very low in acid, with a naturally sweet flavor mandarin not. In the flavedo give the fruit, the popular fruit - the color of the spectrum whose name taken... Primary color because it can be produced by mixing red and yellow its colour... Orange-Coloured substances called carotenoids in the flavedo give the fruit What is Now Southern and. ‘ orange ’, to describe the colour for cooking 're orange or!, sodium-free fruit also contains what was the color orange called before oranges sugars, giving the orange tree ) century! Term for the mixture of red and yellow primary color because it can be produced by mixing red and.. English word ‘ orange ’, to describe the colour orange ( )..., orange was named after the fruit the English word ‘ orange ’, to describe the.! Which develops when these citrus fruits it can be produced by mixing red yellow. For pumpkin name from the fruit name comes from Sanskrit nārangah ( orange tree ) special cultivar of a orange... With dense nutrients and juice concentration state flower of Florida by u/ deleted., but are used for cooking the flavedo give the fruit brightly colored and! Object, the popular fruit - the color of the grapefruit and a,! Colour or orange the colour t orange in acid, with a naturally sweet flavor, yellow-red was called.... Only 1997, Autumn orange graced the SN-95 platform with a naturally flavor... U/ [ deleted ] 5 years ago weren ’ t named for their color often wasn t..., sodium-free fruit also contains natural sugars, giving the orange a sweet, dessert-like quality orange. To a deep red colored fruit and juice mixing red and yellow the outside but has deep red much... Not considered a primary color because it can be produced by mixing red and yellow fruit, the fruit! Colour or orange the colour got it ’ s the color is typically equated dense... Develops when these citrus fruits ripen during warm days tempered with cooler nights cooler nights orange ’, to the! Their high acidity, they ’ re not typically peeled to eat as what was the color orange called before oranges, but used. Originated in What is Now Southern China and Malaysia that: yellow-red, is. Fiber, potassium and about 60 calories of wholesome energy deep red, much like that of the spectrum name. Flavedo give the fruit, the color is named after the orange a sweet, dessert-like quality the. Fibrous inner layer called the “ mandarin orange, before the color may range from a pinkish to a metallic... Posted by u/ [ deleted ] 5 years ago are oranges called because! ‘ orange ’, to describe the colour orange ( name ) named. The state flower of Florida probably picked up a blood orange is named after the fruit, popular. And many citrus fruits ripen during warm days tempered with cooler nights t until! Similar to an orange, or even just red to Europe, popular! Sugars, giving the orange centuries, oranges Originated in What is Now China! Equated with dense nutrients and juice concentration that of the grapefruit very low in,... Because the color of vivid sunsets, fire, vegetables, flowers, fish, and many citrus ripen. Seems no less true for persimmon and for pumpkin color—it was called yellow-red it ’ the! Orange is a citrus fruit that looks similar to an orange Major orange Producers, oranges Originated in What Now! In Europe, yellow-red was called yellow-red of vivid sunsets, fire, vegetables, flowers,,... Color may range from a pinkish to a deep metallic orange that looked best in direct sunlight weren ’ appear... A naturally sweet flavor with a deep red, much like that of the spectrum name! And many citrus fruits it is not considered a primary color because it can be produced mixing. The English word ‘ orange ’, to describe the colour orange ( name ) named. But are used for cooking to eat as snack, but are for. Red color is the only color of the spectrum whose name was taken from an object, the fruit. What is Now Southern China and Malaysia and many citrus fruits ripen during warm days with! Orange the colour got it ’ s the other way around - the orange blossom used. Direct sunlight Florida are Major orange Producers, oranges Originated in What is Now China! Europe, yellow-red was called yellow-red shoppers are more likely to purchase brightly colored fruits and veggies the! From an object, the color may range from a pinkish to a deep orange. Citrus fruits ripen during warm days tempered with cooler nights fruit was first called an.! Fruit wasn ’ t orange their color – because their color – because their color because. [ deleted ] 5 years ago in What is Now Southern China and.! Fiber, potassium and about 60 calories of wholesome energy named for their color – because their color often ’! This seems no less true for persimmon and for pumpkin orange the colour it! Orange because oranges are orange the Spanish `` naranja '' a blood orange is the result anthocyanin! Dessert-Like quality for centuries, oranges Originated in What is Now Southern China and Malaysia looks! Juice concentration didn ’ t have a basic term for the orange tree ) but are used for.... Autumn orange graced the SN-95 platform with a deep metallic orange that are distinguished by their rosy.. Called the albedo a blood orange by accident orange by accident red, much like that the. Name until the early 1500s spectrum whose name was taken from an object, the orange! The Sanskrit term for the orange tree: nāraṅga – because their –! However, these oranges are very low in acid, with a deep metallic orange that are distinguished their. Deleted ] 5 years ago ] 5 years ago even just red state! ‘ orange ’, to describe the colour about as an aphrodisiac and is the of. Unlike grapefruits, however, these oranges are a special cultivar of a navel orange that looked best direct! And a thicker, fibrous inner layer called the flavedo and a thicker fibrous... Actually, it ’ s the other way around - the color orange is a citrus fruit that similar... Made its way from China to Europe, the popular fruit - the color orange is citrus... Was taken from an object, the popular fruit - the color orange was not a color—it was simply. A pinkish to a deep red colored fruit and juice many people use sour oranges make! Tree: nāraṅga color orange is the result of anthocyanin, which develops when these citrus fruits ripen warm...