Breathing vinyl chloride for a lifetime at 0.62 ppbv is very unlikely to be harmful to people. One reason why PVC is so toxic is that it is often mixed with softening chemicals called plasticizers, the most well known variety being phalates. With the development of the plastics industry, diseases caused by exposure to vinyl chloride (VC) and poly vinyl chloride (PVC) had been identified by 1970. Exposure to vinyl chloride over many years can affect the liver, nervous system, and skin. Symptoms were commonly reported by first responders, most frequently headache, upper respiratory irritation, and lower respiratory irritation. Because personal breathing zone measurements of responders' exposures to vinyl chloride were not collected, it is impossible to correlate vinyl chloride exposure levels with symptoms. Cardiotoxicity -- Vinyl Chloride: Exposure to Vinyl Chloride can have a toxic effect on the heart and may result in blood vessel tumors. Acute (short-term) exposure to high levels of vinyl chloride in air has resulted in central nervous system (CNS) effects, such as … Polyvinyl chloride, also known as PVC or vinyl, is arguably one of the most toxic types of plastic in our lives. Portal hypertension, peripheral circulatory disturbances and malignancies such as angiosarcoma were all reported to be associated with exposure to VC [ 1 , 2 ]. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222. Article Contents. developed a set of symptoms termed "vinyl chloride disease," which is characterized by Raynaud's phenomenon (fingers blanch and numbness and discomfort are experienced upon exposure to the cold), changes in the bones at the end of the fingers, joint and muscle pain, and scleroderma-like skin changes If vinyl chloride concentrations in air are above the action level, we recommend taking an action to halt exposure. PLASTIC or VINYL ODOR EXPOSURE - part 3 Most vinyl chloride is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic and vinyl products. A single small exposure [to vinyl chloride] from which a person recovers quickly is unlikely to cause delayed or long-term effects. Workplace exposure to vinyl chloride is also known to cause cancers and other types of liver disease. Signs and Symptoms of Vinyl chloride Poisoning: NOTE! Long-term exposure can cause a rare form of liver cancer. Animal studies show that exposure to high levels of vinyl chloride can damage the liver, lungs and kidneys. Cardiotoxicity -- Vinyl Chloride: Introduction. Vinyl Chloride 75-01-4 _____ Hazard Summary . The degree of toxicity may be influenced the duration and level of exposure to the chemical. If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911. Breathing very high levels of vinyl chloride over several years may cause immune disorders and damage to the liver, kidneys and nerves. 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